A Short List of Shaykh Ahmadu Bamba’s Bibliography


In his writing,  Shaykh Ahmadu Bamba (the “Shaykh”) introduced himself as Muhammad ben Muhammad ben Habîballâh. He was born in the month of “Muharram” 1270 H. namely 1853, in Mbacké, a locality in Baol and situated in Baol, a former kingdom of Senegal. His father, Muhammad MBACKE, also known as Momar Anta Saly, was an eminent juristconsult, a cleric who taught the Qur-ãn, and the religious sciences. His mother, Mariama Busso, thanks to her piety and her virtue, was nicknamed “Jâratu-l-lâh” (Allah’s Neighbor).

The parents of the Shaykh had discovered very early of his innate exceptional behaviour that resulted in attitudes and habits of piety, good ethics and morals, devotion, solitude, meditation and a behavior loathing fun, indecency and sin. Until the year 1300 H. (1882), he assisted his father, teaching in his “daara” (religious school). His intellectual breadth had allowed him, with the permission of his father to write in many domains of the Religious and Instrumental Sciences and to make this knowledge more accessible to disciples. As such he wrote the following books:

i. Jawharu-n-nafis (The Precious Jewel): A versification of the AL AQDARI book on Islamic Juridical Rules
ii. Mawâhibul quddûs (the Gifts of the Holy Lord): A versification of Imam As Sanussi renowned book of Theology entitled Ummul Barâhin (The Source of Proofs)
iii. Jadhbatu-ç-çighâr (the Attraction of the Youth): A book that deals particularly on matters of faith
iv. Mulayyinu-ç-çudûr (The Softening of the hearts): A book which resumes in versification the book of the famous Muslim mystic, Imâm AL GHAZALI  Bidâyal Hidâya (the Beginning of the Good Direction).

The Shaykh rewrote this poem later under another title Munawwiruççudûr (The Illumination of the Heart), which deals with Spiritual perfection.

Other Important Books Written by the Shaykh

Shaykh Ahmadou Bamba also wrote panegyrics of the Prophet Muhammad, wherein he showed his burning love for the Holy Prophet (PBUH) by dedicating hundreds of poems to him such as:

i. Muqadimmatul Amdah (The Beginning of the Praises)
ii. Mawaahibu Naafi’u (The Gifts granted by the Benefaient Lord) and
iii. Jasbul Quloob Ilâ Allâmil Ghuyûb (the Attraction of the Hearts Towards the Lord who Knows all the Hidden)

Shaykh Ahmadu Bamba also wrote many other books in which he showed evidence of the tremendous spiritual gifts he was granted by the Almighty Lord. Such works as Jaawartu Lâh (Allah’s Neighbourhood) or Khâtimatu Munajât (The Ultimate Dialogue) portray the best references of the rare spiritual dimension of the Servant of the Prophet (PBUH) before his Eternal Master.

Today, no one can claim himself as having a total knowledge of the complete bibliography of Shaykh Ahmadu Bamba, even though the library “Shaykh El Khadim” of Tuubaa is the main depository of most of his manuscripts.

Below are a few additional books written by the Shaykh in various domains:

  1. Initiation to the Religious Sciences
  2. Tazaawwudu-ç-Cighâr (Provisions of the Adolescents)
  3. Sufism, Spiritual Teachings

a. Masâalik Al Jinân (The Itineraries to Paradise)
b. Huqal Buka-u (Is it necessary to cry for the dead Sufi masters?)
c. Munawwiru-ç-Cudûr (The Illumination of the Hearts)
d. Maghâliqu-n-Nîrân wa Mafâtihul Jinân (The Locks of Hell and The Keys to Paradise)

4. Jurisprudence

a. Jawharu-n-Nafîss (The Precious jewel)
b. Tazawwudu-sh-Shubbân (Provisions of the Youth)

5. Theology

a. Mawâhibul Quddûs (The Gifts of the Holy Lord)
b. Tazawwudu-sh-Shubbân (Provisions of the Youth)

6. Panegyrics of the Prophet (PBUH)

 a. Jasbul Qulôb Ilâ Alamil Xuyûb (the Attraction of the Hearts Towards the Lord who Knows all the Hidden)
b. Muwahibu Nâf’i (The Grants by the Beneficent Lord)
c. Muqadimatul Amdaah (The Beginning of the Praises)

7. Good Manners

a. Nahju Qadâ’il Hâj (The Ways to the Satisfaction of the